The first steam engine, called aeolipil (“wind cannon”), was invented by a Greek hero of Alexandria in the 1st century AD. Steam emerging from one of the two pipes directed to opposite axes from inside a ball allowed the ball to rotate. For a long time it remained only a small prototype. It was not used as a machine. The first usable power-generating steam engine was developed by Thomas Savery in England in 1698. This motor was used to pump water from wells. With the improvements made on the engine by Thomas Newcomen in 1712 and James Watt in 1769, the steam engine that provided a real power was made.
By cooling the steam added to a cylinder, the steam was condensed, and this path was repeated, allowing the piston to move rapidly with a rapid decrease in gas volume. Watt’s work had a huge impact and brought about the Industrial Revolution. Factories no longer have to use the water power supply. There was a high momentum in power generation. The way was opened to produce vehicles with propulsion system.
The Industrial Revolution that emerged as a result of this development provided enormous progress and change in world history. Steam engines paved the way for vehicle production. The basics of public transport started to emerge.